At stake in this election:
- 450 seats in the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma)
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: President Dmitry Anatolyevich MEDVEDEV
- Head of Government: Premier Vladimir Vladimirovich PUTIN
- Assembly: Russia has a bicameral Federal Assembly (Federalnoye Sobraniye) consisting of the Federation Council (Sovet Federatsii) with 178 seats and the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma) with 450 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
- The Premier is appointed by the president.
- In the Federation Council (Sovet Federatsii) 178 members are appointed by regional governing councils*. In the State Duma (Gosudarstvennaya Duma) 450 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.**
* There are 89 constituencies with a district magnitude of two. Terms to the Federation Council are not nationally fixed, Terms instead are determined according to the regional bodies they represent.
** Seats are allocated using the Hare quota. There is one, nationwide district and a minimum threshold of 7%.
Main parties in the electoral race:
- Party: United Russia Bloc / Единая Россия, Yedìnaya Rossìya)
Leader: Dmitry MEDVEDEV
Seats won in this State Duma election: 238
Seats won in last State Duma election: 314
- Party: The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (KPRF) / Коммунистическая партия Российской Федерации; Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii; (КПРФ; KPRF)
Leader: Gennadiy Andreyavich ZYUGANOV
Seats won in this State Duma election: 92
Seats won in last State Duma election: 57
- Party: Liberal Democratic Party of Russia / Либерально-Демократическая Партия России; Liberal'no-Demokraticheskaya Partiya Rossii (ЛДПР; LDPR)
Leader: Vladimir Volfovich ZHIRINOVSKIY
Seats won in this State Duma election: 56
Seats won in last State Duma election: 40
- Party: A Just Russia (JR) / Справедливая Россия; Spravedlivaya Rossiya (CP; SR)
Leader: Sergei MIRONOV
Seats won in this State Duma election: 64
Seats won in last State Duma election: 38
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 138,739,892 (July 2011 est.)
- Registered Voters: 109,237,780 (December 2011 )