At stake in this election:
- 500 seats in the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon)
Description of government structure:
- Chief of State: King BHUMIBOL Adulyadej
- Head of Government: Prime Minister ABHISIT Vejjajiva
- Assembly: Thailand has a bicameral National Assembly (Rathasapha) consisting of the Senate (Wuthisapha) with 150 seats and the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon) with 500 seats.
Description of electoral system:
- The King is the hereditary head of state.
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the monarch to serve a 4-year term.
- In the Senate (Wuthisapha), 74 members are appointed and 76 members are elected by single non-transferable vote (SNTV). In the House of Representatives (Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon), 375 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms and 125 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.
Main parties in the electoral race:
- Party: Democrat Party / พรรคประชาธิปัตย์, Phak Prachathipat
- Leader: Abhisit VEJJAJIVA
- Seats won in last House of Representatives election: 165
- Party: Pheu Thai Party / พรรคเพื่อไทย, Phak Phuea Thai
- Leader: Yingluck SHINAWATRA
- Seats won in last House of Representatives election: N/A
Population and number of registered voters:
- Population: 67,089,500 (July 2010)
- Registered Voters: 44,002,593 (December 2007)
· Female Population: 33,871,024 (2011)
· Is Thailand a signatory to CEDAW: No
· Has Thailand ratified CEDAW: Yes, accession (9 August 1985)
· Gender Quota: No
· Female candidates in this election: Yes
· Number of Female Parliamentarians: 79 (House of Representatives) following the 2011 elections
· Human Development Index Position: 93
· Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: Low
· Is Thailand a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)
· Has Thailand ratified CRPD: Yes (29 July 2008)
· Population with a disability: 10,063,425 (est.)