ElectionGudie

Sept. 5, 1999 Held

371,669,104
Voted
India

Republic of India

Election for Lok Sabha (Indian People's Assembly)

Results

59%
Voter
Turnout*
Cast Votes:371,669,104
Valid Votes:364,570,225
Invalid Votes:7,098,879

Parties:

Party Seats Won Seats Change Votes

Indian National Congress 114 - 103,120,330

28.30%

Bharatiya Janata Party 182 - 86,562,209

23.75%

Communist Party of India (Marxist) 33 - 19,695,767

5.40%

Samajwadi Party 26 - 13,717,031

3.76%

Telegu Desam Party 29 - 13,297,370

3.65%

Janata Dal - United 21 - 11,282,084

3.10%

Rashtriya Janata Dal 7 - 10,150,492

2.79%

All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 10 - 7,046,953

1.93%

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 12 - 6,298,832

1.73%

Shiv Sena 15 - 5,672,412

1.56%

Biju Janata Dal 10 - 4,378,536

1.20%

More Info:

For the final results of all completed phases of the election, please see here.

At stake in this election:

  • 543 seats in the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha)

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Kicheril Raman NARAYANAN *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Atal Behari VAJPAYEE
  • Assembly: India has a bicameral Parliament (Sansad) consisting of the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) with 250 seats and the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha) with 545 seats.

* The electoral college consists of elected members of both houses of Parliament and the legislatures of the states.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by an electoral college to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) 250 members are to serve 6-year terms*. In the People's Assembly (Lok Sabha), 543 members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms and 2 members are appointed by the president.

* Up to 12 seats are appointed by the president and the remaining members are chosen by elected members of the state and territorial assemblies

Main parties in the electoral race:

  • Party: National Democratic Alliance (NDA)*
    • Leader: Atal Bijari VAJPAYEE, George FERNANDES, Ramakrishna HEDGE
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 182
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 194
  • Party: Indian National Congress (INC)
    • Leader: Sonia GANDHI
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 112
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 141
  • Party: Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM)
    • Leader: Harkishan Singh SURJEET
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 32
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 32
  • Party: Telegu Desam Party (TDP)
    • Leader: N. Chandrababu NAIDU
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 29
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 11
  • Party: Samajwadi Party (SP)
    • Leader: Mulayam Singh YADAV
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 26
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 20
  • Party: Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD)
    • Leader: Laloo Prasad YADAV
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 20
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 17
  • Party: Shiv Sena
    • Leader: Bal THACKERAY
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 15
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 6
  • Party: Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
    • Leader: K. KARUNANIDHI
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 12
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 6
  • Party: All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
    • Leader: JAYALALITHA
    • Seats won in this People's Assembly election: 10
    • Seats won in last People's Assembly election: 18

* The NDA is composed of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party

Last Parliamentary election:

  • The last elections to the Lok Sabha last were held on February 16 to March 7, 1998.

Population and number of registered voters:

  • Population: 1,034,976,626 (1999)
  • Registered Voters: 605,880,192 (1998)

Gender Data:

·         Female Population: 498,925,038 (1999)

·         Is India a signatory to CEDAW: Yes (30 July 1980)

·         Has India ratified CEDAW: Yes (9 July 1993)

·         Gender Quota: No

·         Female candidates in this election: Yes

·         Number of Female Parliamentarians: 49 (following the 1999 elections)

·         Human Development Index Position: 130 (2014)

·         Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) Categorization: High (2014)

Disability Data:

·         Is India a signatory to CRPD: Yes (30 March 2007)

·         Has India ratified CRPD: Yes (1 October 2007)

·         Population with a disability: 155,246,493 (est.)