Sept. 8, 2013, midnight
Voters in Moscow voted in mayoral elections on September 8, 2013, after Mayor Sergey SOBYANIN announced his departure in June. The 2013 elections marked the first direct election of the Mayor of Moscow since 2004, when the electoral system was changed to allow for indirect elections. Under the new election code, the Mayor of Moscow is elected by majority vote, with a run-off if no candidate receives more than 50 percent of the total vote in the first round. SOBYANIN, running as an independent candidate, received 1,193,178 votes (51.37 percent) in the election, securing his re-election as Mayor of Moscow. SOBYANIN received a strong challenge from opposition candidate Alexei NAVALNY, who received 632,697 votes (27.24 percent). NAVALNY, a major critic of Russian President Vladimir PUTIN, has alleged irregularities in the vote, calling for a second round of voting to be held. In the election, 2,217,888 Muscovites (30.58 percent) voted.