Nov. 16, 2012, midnight
On November 11, 2012, the Republic of San Marino held elections for its unicameral parliament. Sammarinese voters elected representatives for 60 seats in the Great and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale). Three major coalitions competed in this election. Teodoro LONFERNINI’s incumbent Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party/ Partito Democratico Cristianio Sammarinese led a coalition capturing a 35 seat majority in parliament, ‘San Marino Common Good.’ The group included the Party of Socialists and Democrats/Partito dei Socialisti e dei Democratici and the Popular Alliance/Alleanza popolare (AP) who individually won 10 and 4 seats, respectively. ‘Agreement for the Country,’ a coalition including the Socialist Party, the Union for the Republic and the Sammarinese Moderates, followed with 12 seats. The third coalition consisting of the United Left/ Sinistra Unita (SU) and Civic10/Civico10 won 9 seats. Of the three parties that ran independently, the Civic Movement RETE/ Movimento Civico R.E.T.E. won 4 seats. San Marino operates as a single nationwide constituency, and thus representatives are elected proportionally via an open list system. Because the electoral system creates opportunities for multiple smaller parties to form, parties engage in a great degree of coalition and alliance building to pass the 3.5 percent threshold and earn seats in parliament.