Sept. 21, 2009, midnight
Macau's pro-democracy party, the New Democratic Macau Association, increased its seat share from two to three in legislative elections on September 20. The last elections were in 2005. Known for its casinos, Macau was a Portuguese colony from the mid-1500s until 1999, when Lisbon transferred sovereignty back to China. Run under China's “one country, two systems” policy, Macau maintains its own legal system and representation in international organizations. Chinese President HU Jintao is chief of state. 12 of 29 seats in its legislature are directly elected via proportional representation.