July 20, 2010, 12:03 p.m.
Egypt is in the middle of an uncertain transition period. Presidential elections are scheduled for next year and it is unknown if President Hosni Mubarak will be a candidate. The president's health is in decline and policymakers in the United States and the region are preparing for a time when the man who has ruled the country for the past twenty-eight years is no longer in power. Although it is widely believed that Mubarak's son, Gamal, is being groomed to take over, the military and the Muslim Brotherhood are other forces which could emerge during an unstable transition period. The Council on Foreign Relations has released a policy memo, which explores the possible scenarios that can unfold after Mubarak's departure, and how the United States can choose to respond.