July 16, 2010, 11:16 a.m.
Failure to adequately address the grievances of minority or marginalized ethnic groups can lead to political unrest and rebellion. Marginalized groups often face economic, social and political discrimination. The Centre for Research on Inequality (CRISE) has released a report, which concludes that the presence of large horizontal inequalities among salient identity groups increases the risk of violent conflict. The report examines three case studies, Bolivia, Guatemala and Peru, and concludes that political exclusion can provide an incentive for political mobilization and rebellion. The report concludes that progressive policies, which integrate marginalized groups, can greatly reduce the risk of political violence.