ElectionGudie
Fiji

Republic of Fiji

896,758 3

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

591,101 68.29%

Registered Voters (as of Sept. 29, 2014)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
President President Head of State
Interim Prime Minister Interim Prime Minister Head of Government
Senate Upper House
House of Representatives Lower House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Ratu Epeli NAILATIKAU
  • Head of Government: Interim Prime Minister Voreqe (Frank) BAINIMARAMA **
  • Assembly: Fiji has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senate with 32 seats and the House of Representatives with 71 seats.

** Commodore Voreqe "Frank" BAINIMARAMA was sworn in as interim premier on January 5, 2007 by President Ratu Josefa ILOILOVATU, a month after Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE and his government were ousted from power in a military coup.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by the president on the advice of the Great Council of Chiefs to serve a 5-year term.
  • Interim Prime Minister is appointed by the president.
  • In the Senate, 14 members are appointed by the president on the advice of the Great Council of Chiefs to serve 5-year terms, 9 members are appointed by the prime minister to serve 5-year terms, 1 members are nominated by the council of Rotuma to serve 5-year terms and 8 members are appointed by the opposition to serve 5-year terms. In the House of Representatives 71 members are elected by a majority system with preferential vote to serve 5-year terms.**

** Under the current electoral law, 25 are elected by universal suffrage from Open constituencies ("open" meaning that the franchise is open to all locally resident Fijian citizens, irrespective of their ethnic background), with the remaining 46 elected from communal constituencies, with 23 seats reserved for ethnic Fijians, 19 for Indo-Fijians, 1 for Rotuman Islanders, and 3 for "General Electors" - Europeans, Chinese, Banaban Islanders, and other minorities. Every Fijian citizen eligible to vote thus has two votes - one for an open electorate, and one for a communal electorate. Presently a new constitution is being drafted that would abolish the communal voting system, and move towards the principal of "one man, one vote."

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
House of Representatives 1999-05-08 230,000 437,195 52.61%
House of Representatives 2001-08-25 - 468,772 -
House of Representatives 2014-09-17 496,364 591,101 83.97%

Voter Turnout