ElectionGudie
Democratic Republic of the Congo

Democratic Republic of the Congo

75,507,308 7

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

32,024,640 71.38%

Registered Voters (as of Nov. 1, 2011)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government
President President Head of State
National Assembly Assemblée Nationale Lower House
Senate Sénat Upper House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Joseph KABILA
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Augustin MATATA PONYO Mapon
  • Assembly: Democratic Republic of the Congo has a bicameral Parliament (Parlement) consisting of the Senate (Sénat) with 108 seats and the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 500 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, usually from the majority party or coalition in the National Assembly.
  • In the Senate (Sénat) 108 members are indirectly elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale), 61 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 439 members are elected by open list proportional representation in multi-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* Members are elected by regional legislatures. Each multi-member district corresponds to one of 26 provinces or Kinshasha. The magnitude of each district is 4, except Kinshasha, whose magnitude is 8. The electoral system is open-list PR. Former Presidents may be Senators ex officio.

** There are 109 multi-member districts in the list tier. Minimum magnitude is 2. Each voter gets two votes: one in either tier.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Referendum 2005-12-18 15,505,810 25,021,703 61.97%
President 2006-07-30 17,931,631 25,421,249 70.54%
National Assembly 2006-07-30 - 25,696,964 -
President 2006-10-29 16,615,479 25,420,199 65.36%
National Assembly 2007-01-19 - 25,420,199 -
President 2011-11-28 18,911,572 18,911,572 100.0%
National Assembly 2011-11-28 18,911,572 32,024,640 59.05%

Voter Turnout