ElectionGudie
Cameroon

Republic of Cameroon

20,549,221 4

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

7,251,651 82.42%

Registered Voters (as of Sept. 1, 2011)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
National Assembly Assemblée Nationale Lower House
Senate Sénat Upper House
President President Head of State
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Paul BIYA
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Philemon YANG
  • Assembly: Cameroon has a bicameral Parliament (Parlement) consisting of the Senate (Sénat) with 100 seats and the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) with 180 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by plurality vote to serve a 7-year term.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
  • In the Senate (Sénat), 70 members are indirectly elected by regional governing councils to serve 5-year terms and 30 members are appointed by the President to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale), 34 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 146 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms.**

* A 1996 constitutional amendment called for the establishment of a 100-seat upper house, the Senate (Sénat). The April 14, 2013 election established this Senate for the first time. Senators are elected through an electoral college consisting of municipal councilors. Each region will be represented in the Senate by 10 senators, 7 of whom will be indirectly elected, and 3 will appointed by the President. Therefore 70 members will be chosen by electors from 360 local councils and the President will appoint the 30 remaining senators.

** The president can either lengthen or shorten the term of the legislature. Cameroon is divided into 85 electoral constituencies. There are 34 single-member districts, where candidates are elected by plurality vote. There are 146 multi-member constituencies with magnitudes ranging from 2 to 7.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
President 2004-10-11 3,738,759 4,701,953 79.52%
President 2011-10-09 4,951,434 7,251,651 68.28%
Senate 2013-04-14 9,785 9,839 99.45%
National Assembly 2013-09-30 - 7,251,651 -

Voter Turnout