ElectionGudie
Burundi

Republic of Burundi

10,888,321 6

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

3,550,665 78.58%

Registered Voters (as of June 1, 2010)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
National Assembly Assemblee National Lower House
President President Head of Government
Senate Upper House
President President Head of State

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Pierre NKURUNZIZA
  • Head of Government: President Pierre NKURUNZIZA
  • Assembly: Burundi has a bicameral Parliament (Parlement) consisting of the Senate with 54 seats and the National Assembly (Assemblee National) with 100 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • In the Senate 34 members are indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve 5-year terms*. In the National Assembly (Assemblee National) 100 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.**

* There are 17 constituencies with 2 Senators each, one Hutu and one must be Tutsi. Candidates are elected through an electoral college composed of members of municipal councils from the province that corresponds to the constituency. In each province, the two representatives must come from different ethnic communities. Candidates are elected through a super-majority, three-round system. The first two rounds require a super-majority (two-thirds of the votes) for a candidate to be elected. If the first two rounds do not produce a winner, a third round is held for the top two candidates where a plurality vote determines the winner. Three seats are appointed to members of the Twa ethnic group. Additionally, former heads of state have reserved seats. Women must comprise 30% of all elected members. If this percentage is not reached through, the Independent National Electoral Commission will appoint a number of “co-opted Senators” to reach the quota. This is done through assigning each party that reached 5% of the votes cast, an equal number of women seats until the quota is met. The electoral commission consults with the relevant parties in selecting these senators.

** Candidates and parties run in 17 multi-member constituencies. Parties present a closed-list of candidates on each ballot. The Constitution of Burundi stipulates that 60% of the Deputies be from the Hutu ethnic group, and 40% be from the Tutsi ethnic group. Three seats are co-opted to members of the Twa ethnic group. Women must occupy at least 30% of the seats in the National Assembly. Additional seats may be appointed by the Independent National Electoral Commission to ensure balance of ethnic representation. Electors are handed two envelopes, one white and one black. They are also handed as many ballots as there are candidates or lists of candidates. The elector places the ballot, with the party-list of their choice, into the white envelope and the remaining ballots into the black envelope. When the elector leaves the voting booth they place the white envelope in the small ballot box and the black envelope in a large urn. Votes are tabulated using the d'Hondt method. There is a 2 percent threshold.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Referendum 2005-02-28 2,894,362 3,100,000 93.37%
National Assembly 2005-07-04 2,446,001 3,167,124 77.23%
President 2005-08-19 - 3,167,124 -
President 2010-06-28 2,735,758 3,551,125 77.04%
National Assembly 2010-07-23 2,367,925 3,551,125 66.68%
National Assembly 2010-07-28 - 3,550,665 -

Voter Turnout