ElectionGudie
Syria

Syrian Arab Republic

22,457,336 8

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

10,118,000 71.75%

Registered Voters (as of Feb. 1, 2012)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
People's Council Majlis al-Shaab Assembly
President President Head of State
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Bashar al-ASAD *
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Wael Nader al-HALQI
  • Assembly: Syria has a unicameral People's Council (Majlis al-Shaab) with 250 seats.

* According the new Constitution, candidates must the written support of at least 35 members of People’s Assembly. Article 85, section 5 states that If during this period only one candidate is determined to have met the requirements for Presidential candidates, the Speaker of the House shall re-open the call for presidential candidates in accordance with the same criteria.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 7-year term.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the President.
  • In the People's Council (Majlis al-Shaab) 250 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.***

*** Under the new constitution (ratified through referendum on February 26, 2012) multiple parties are allowed to run. Previously, only parties that belonged to the National Progressive Front ( لجبهة الوطنية التقدمية‎, al-Jabha al-Wataniyyah at-Taqaddumiyyah, NPF) could run in elections. Article 60 of the Constitution states that at least half of the members of the assembly should be workers and farmers, as defined by law.

Info Institutions Learn More

Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
People's Council 1998-11-30 5,501,940 8,600,071 63.98%
Referendum 1999-02-10 8,961,147 9,097,611 98.5%
People's Council 2003-03-02 4,556,475 7,181,206 63.45%
People's Council 2007-04-22 - 7,805,994 -
Referendum 2007-05-27 11,472,157 11,967,611 95.86%
People's Council 2011-04-01 - 11,967,611 -
Referendum 2012-02-26 8,376,447 14,580,000 57.45%
People's Council 2012-05-07 5,186,000 10,118,000 51.26%

Voter Turnout