ElectionGudie
Poland

Republic of Poland

38,383,809 14

Population (as of March 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

50.78%

Registered Voters (as of )

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Prime Minister Prime Minister Head of Government
Senate Senat Upper House
President President Head of State
Sejm Sejm Lower House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Bronislaw KOMOROWSKI
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Donald TUSK
  • Assembly: Poland has a bicameral National Assembly (Zgromadzenie Narodowe) consisting of the Senate (Senat) with 100 seats and the Sejm with 460 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 5-year term.
  • The Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the Sejm.
  • In the Senate (Senat) 100 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms. In the Sejm 460 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 4-year terms.**

** There are 41 multi-member constituencies consisting of anywhere between 7 and 19 seats. Electors are required to cast a preferential vote for the candidate of their choice. All preferential votes are tabulated as votes for the candidate's party. There is a 5% threshold for parties and 8% threshold for coalitions. The threshold applies to the share of the total national vote, not the constituency. Candidates that belong to ethnic minorities are exempt from threshold requirements.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
President 2000-10-08 17,789,231 29,122,304 61.08%
Sejm 2001-09-23 - 28,409,054 -
Senate 2001-09-23 - 28,409,054 -
Senate 2005-09-25 12,262,311 30,229,031 40.56%
Sejm 2005-09-25 12,263,640 30,229,031 40.57%
President 2005-10-09 15,051,157 30,260,027 49.74%
President 2005-10-23 15,439,684 30,279,209 50.99%
Senate 2007-10-21 16,475,672 30,615,471 53.81%
Sejm 2007-10-21 16,477,734 30,615,471 53.82%
President 2010-06-20 16,923,832 30,813,005 54.92%
President 2010-07-04 17,050,417 30,833,924 55.3%
Senate 2011-10-09 15,050,027 30,762,931 48.92%
Sejm 2011-10-09 15,050,027 30,762,931 48.92%
President 2015-05-17 - - -

Voter Turnout