ElectionGudie
Austria

Republic of Austria

8,221,646 9

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

6,384,331 71.95%

Registered Voters (as of Oct. 2, 2013)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
National Council Nationalrat Lower House
Federal Council Bundesrat Upper House
President President Head of State
Chancellor Chancellor Head of Government

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Heinz FISCHER
  • Head of Government: Chancellor Werner FAYMANN
  • Assembly: Austria has a bicameral Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung) consisting of the Federal Council (Bundesrat) with 62 seats and the National Council (Nationalrat) with 183 seats.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system to serve a 6-year term.
  • The Chancellor is appointed by the president.
  • In the Federal Council (Bundesrat) 62 members are elected by indirect vote*. In the National Council (Nationalrat) 183 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.**

* Members are elected by state councils to serve 5- or 6-year terms. Members represent each of the 9 states on the basis of population, and each state elects at least 3 representatives.

** There are 9 multi-member constituencies corresponding to each of the states. Each of these is subdivided into smaller, regional constituencies, of which there are 43 in total. Each party fields regional, state, and national lists of candidates. Each voter gets one ballot on which she votes for one party and may express candidate preferences within that party's regional and state-level lists. Seat allocation proceeds in three stages. First, regional seats are allocated (d'Hondt method). Second, provincial seat allocations are calculated, the sums of parties regional seats within each province are subtracted from these totals, and seats are allocated accordingly (d'Hondt method). Third, this process repeats at the national level (Hare method), where party lists are closed. Parties must win at least one seat each in a regional constituency to qualify for seats at the state and national levels. Additionally, any candidate who receives at least one-sixth of her party’s votes is automatically awarded a seat. There is a 4 percent threshold for parties to gain representation, although a party that fails to reach this mark may still gain representation if it wins at least one seat in a regional election.

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Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
President 1998-04-19 4,351,272 5,848,584 74.4%
National Council 1999-10-03 4,695,192 5,838,373 80.42%
National Council 2002-11-24 4,982,261 5,912,592 84.27%
President 2004-04-25 4,267,612 6,030,877 70.76%
National Council 2006-10-01 4,793,780 6,107,892 78.49%
National Council 2008-09-28 4,990,947 6,333,109 78.81%
President 2010-04-25 3,404,646 6,355,620 53.57%
Referendum 2013-01-20 3,344,940 6,378,478 52.44%
National Council 2013-09-29 4,751,321 6,384,331 74.42%

Voter Turnout