Union of Myanmar

55,167,330 5

Population (as of July 1, 2013)

Elections in our database

29,021,608 84.05%

Registered Voters (as of Nov. 1, 2010)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
President President Head of Government
President President Head of State
House of Representatives Pyithu Hluttaw Lower House
House of Nationalities Amyotha Hluttaw Upper House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President THEIN SEIN *
  • Head of Government: President THEIN SEIN
  • Assembly: Myanmar has a bicameral People's Assembly (Pyithu Hluttaw) consisting of the House of Nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw) with 224 seats and the House of Representatives (Pyithu Hluttaw) with 440 seats.

* THEIN SEIN elected president by the parliament from among three vice presidents; the upper house, the lower house, and military members of the parliament each nominate one vice president.

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is indirectly elected by parliament.
  • In the House of Nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw), 168 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies and 56 members are appointed by the military. In the House of Representatives (Pyithu Hluttaw), 330 members are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 5-year terms and 110 members are appointed by the military to serve 4-year terms.**

** Elections as a whole are deemed valid only if 51% of the voters on the electoral roll turn out at the polls.

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Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Referendum 2008-05-10 26,776,675 27,288,827 98.12%
House of Representatives 2010-11-07 22,421,123 29,021,608 77.26%
House of Nationalities 2010-11-07 22,283,465 29,021,608 76.78%
House of Representatives 2012-04-01 - 29,021,608 -
House of Nationalities 2012-04-01 - 29,021,608 -

Voter Turnout