ElectionGudie
Italy

Italian Republic

62,007,540 18

Population (as of July 1, 2016)

Elections in our database

50,773,284 59.27%

Registered Voters (as of Jan. 31, 2017)

Average Turnout

Name Official Name Type
Itialian Senate Senato della Repubblica Upper House
Italian Chamber of Deputies Camera dei Deputati Lower House

Description of government structure:

  • Chief of State: President Sergio MATTARELLA 
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister Paolo GENTILONI 
  • Assembly: Italy has a bicameral Parliament (Parlamento) consisting of the Senate (Senato della Repubblica) with 322 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) with 630 seats.

**Former Prime Minister Matteo RENZI resigned 4 December 2016 following the failure of a referendum. 

Description of electoral system:

  • The President is elected by an electoral college to serve a 7-year term.
  • Prime Minister is appointed by the president with the approval of the parliament.
  • In the Senate (Senato della Repubblica), 315 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms, 5 members are elected by the President and 2 members are filled ex officio*. In the Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) 630 members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system to serve 5-year terms.
    • ​Lists are closed. Once national thresholds are met, seats are allocated to parties on a regional basis. The thresholds are: 10% for any pre-election coalition, 2% for any party within a pre-election coalition, and 4% for any party not in coalition. The pre-election coalition winning a plurality of votes is guaranteed 340 seats. Within a coalition, seats are allocated to parties in proportion to their vote shares.

* Thresholds apply at the regional level, and seats are allocated regionally. The thresholds are: 20% for any pre-election coalition, 3% for any party within a coalition, and 8% for any party not in coalition. Within a coalition, seats are allocated to parties in proportion to their vote shares.

 

Info Institutions Learn More

Elections

Election For Date Votes Registered Voters Turn Out
Referendum 1999-04-18 24,447,521 49,309,060 49.58%
Referendum 2000-05-21 14,189,487 48,846,238 29.05%
Italian Chamber of Deputies 2001-05-13 40,246,874 49,358,947 81.54%
Itialian Senate 2001-05-13 36,189,394 44,499,794 81.32%
Referendum 2001-10-07 16,257,606 49,066,417 33.13%
Referendum 2003-06-15 12,667,178 49,554,128 25.56%
Itialian Senate 2006-04-09 35,262,679 42,232,467 83.5%
Italian Chamber of Deputies 2006-04-09 39,298,497 46,997,601 83.62%
Referendum 2006-06-25 26,044,844 49,776,350 52.32%
Itialian Senate 2008-04-13 34,681,417 47,126,326 73.59%
Italian Chamber of Deputies 2008-04-13 37,942,347 47,126,326 80.51%
Referendum 2009-06-21 11,360,482 47,196,282 24.07%
Referendum 2011-06-12 27,642,457 50,594,868 54.63%
Itialian Senate 2013-02-24 31,751,350 42,270,824 75.11%
Italian Chamber of Deputies 2013-02-24 35,271,541 42,270,824 83.44%
President 2013-04-20 - - -
Referendum 2016-04-17 15,806,788 50,675,406 31.19%
Referendum 2016-12-04 33,244,258 50,773,284 65.48%

Voter Turnout